GENDER, SEX-TYPE AND COGNITIVE DISTORTION: SELF-PERCEPTIONS OF SOCIAL COMPETENCE AMONG MILD DEPRESSIVES
Abstract:This study investigated the relationship of gender and sex-type to the accuracy of self-perceptions of social competence in depressed and non depressed college students. Three hundred and eighty subjects were initially screened and based on their diagnostic category,82 subjects (40 depressed; 42 non depressed) were selected and randomly assigned to small discussion groups. Ss rated themselves and were rated by group peers and trained observers on a measure of social competence. Analyses of the social competence ratings by sex, sex-type, and diagnostic category revealed that the peer and self-ratings of the non depressed Ss were significantly higher than those ratings of the depressed Ss. Observers failed to differentiate between the depressed and non depressed Ss on the measure of social competence; all observers' ratings were significantly lower than peer of self-ratings. These anomalous results were explored further via post-hoc analyses. No significant gender differences or differences due to the Ss sex-type emerged. The implications of these results for the cognitive distortion and social skills deficits theories of depression were discussed.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 1986-01-01
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