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STRESS AND MEDICAL CARE UTILIZATION: AN ELEMENT OF SCREENING BEHAVIOR

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Abstract:

Previous research has demonstrated a relationship between stress and the inclination to seek medical advice. The present study tested the hypothesis that clients who utilize the medical facility for the first-time will exhibit higher stress levels than those who are frequent or nonusers. Spielberger's State-Trait Anxiety Inventory measured stress in anxiety scores among 183 clients who attended a health screening service. Findings indicated that clients who experienced heightened anxiety levels during the screening were younger, men, lower-income and unemployed. Speculations are offered regarding the meaning and significance to health professionals in modifying a client's health care practices.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.1986.14.1.99

Publication date: 1986-01-01

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