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A personality study was carried out using 100 Summa Cum Laude college students: 50 males and 50 females matched on race, age, sex, and education with normal control subjects. The subjects were white and attended several universities. Each subject was administered the full scale MMPI
of 566 questions. For the males, statistically significant differences were found on six subscales. These were Hysteria, Psychopathic Deviate, Masculinity/Femininity, Psychasthenia, Schizophrenia and Social Inversion. For the females, statistically significant differences were found for
the same subscales as for the males except for the Si (social inversion subscale. Statistical analysis of the data were computed using Fisher's t-test to test for intergroup differences. The high achieving males and the high achieving females showed highly similar personality profiles.
The mean profile differences were interpreted and the following are the major findings: a. The high achieving male subjects differed statistically on six subscales from their paired mates: Hy, Pd, Mf, Pt, Sc and Si. The high achieving female subjects differed from their controls on five subscales:
Hy, Pd, Mf, Pt, and Sc. b. The results reveal more negative personality traits than have, heretofore, been reported by other investigations of the gifted college student. c. A high degree of similarity was noted between the mean MMPI profiles of the high achieving males and the high achieving
females except for the social inversion subscale. d. The results suggest that certain personality traits are associated with high academic achievement. These traits are not necessarily those considered to be healthy or desirable traits.