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THE EGO REFERENCE SYSTEM: A CONFIRMATORY CROSS-CULTURAL STUDY

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Abstract:

A study was carried out using an Australian sample, to confirm the existence of a number of factors which had been found in a previous American study relating to Ego and Super-ego structure and functioning. A questionnaire based upon the original study but with additional items added to provide an equal number for each factor, had been developed in New Zealand and tried out experimentally on several small groups and mean scores obtained for each factor. The same questionnaire was administered to 352 students at the University of Queensland. An oblique analysis of the data revealed the presence of eight factors corresponding to the eight hypothesised: Religious Super-ego, Emotionality. Expediency. Material Self-ideal, Non-religious Super-ego, Ego Control, Compassion and Moral Self-ideal. It was found that the highest variance was the Religious Super-ego, and that mean factor scores for this factor were significantly higher (beyond .01 level) than for the New Zealand subjects.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2224/sbp.1984.12.2.127

Publication date: January 1, 1984

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