REACTIONS TO EYE CONTACT INITIATED BY PHYSICALLY ATTRACTIVE AND UNATTRACTIVE MEN AND WOMEN
Abstract:The effects of the attractiveness and the sex of an initiator of eye contact were studied by presenting 93 subjects with same-sex pairs of relatively attractive and relatively unattractive confederates. During a three-minute period one of the confederates gazed continuously at the subject while the other looked away. Five 2 × 2 × 2 ANOVA's were computed for the number of reciprocated eye gazes and subjects' written ratings of the confederates. Contrary to previous research, results indicated that the unattractive person became more liked when not gazing. It was also found that the only situation in which gazing increased liking was when an attractive male confederate gazed at a female subject. The findings are discussed in terms of traditional sex-role norms.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: January 1, 1984
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