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A RECONCILIATION OF THE FREUDIAN AND HUMANISTIC/TRANSPERSONAL VIEWS OF HUMAN NATURE

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Abstract:

This paper describes a model of human development which both allows for a resolution to the apparent conflict between the Freudian and humanistic! transpersonal views of human nature and suggests a way of fulfilling Freud's expressed desire to account for the sexual instinct in the same way that he accounts for the death instinct — as an expression of a tendency to restore an earlier state of things. It first describes the apparent conflict between the Freudian and humanistic! transpersonal views, centering around the issue of whether human life involves a goal which goes beyond the satisfaction of basic biological needs. It next presents a model of human development derived from Hindu religious philosophy, the essential characteristics of which are that people have both a psychological and a spiritual aspect and that all life grew out of an initial unity. Finally, it shows how this model can be used to accomplish the aforementioned aims.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.1984.12.1.11

Publication date: 1984-01-01

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