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THE ROLE OF DEPRESSION AND SEX DIFFERENCES IN ATTRIBUTIONS RELATED TO PROBLEMATIC SOCIAL SITUATIONS

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Abstract:

The present study was designed to evaluate the hypothesis that a group of depressed subjects would tend to make more internal and stable attributions of causality in potentially problematic social situations than would a group of nondepressed subjects. A group of 215 undergraduate psychology students were divided into depressed (n=30) and nondepressed (n=185) groups on the basis of results on the Beck Depression Inventory. Each subject was presented a series of 12 brief vignettes depicting potentially problematic social situations. After reading each vignette, subjects rated then? as to internal/external causality and along a stable/unstable dimension. Although the results provide support for the hypothesis, the need to replicate the findings with non-student populations was emphasized prior to generalizing the results to more general depressive populations.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2224/sbp.1982.10.1.73

Publication date: January 1, 1982

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