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THE EFFECTS OF VOCAL PARTICIPATION AND QUESTIONING BEHAVIOR ON PERCEPTIONS OF DOMINANCE

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Abstract:

This study was designed to assess the relative effects of two types of communicative cues on perceptions of dominance. Stimulus tapes were constructed of two-person conversations in which the amount of vocal participation a speaker contributed and the type of question asked (closed-ended/open-ended) in the interaction were controlled. The results of a 3 × 2 × 2 (floor time by question type by speaker role) ANOVA revealed that (a) vocal participation is a stronger contributor to perceptions of dominance than either open-ended questions which manage the interaction or closed-ended questions which lead the respondent in a desired direction, and (b) closed-ended questions are seen as more dominant than open-ended questions. The results are discussed in terms of the monitoring demands the cues place on an observer.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2224/sbp.1980.8.2.203

Publication date: January 1, 1980

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