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ON CAUSAL ATTRIBUTION THE INTERACTIVE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SELF-ESTEEM AND TASK PERFORMANCE

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Abstract:

An experiment was conducted to investigate the relationship between sell-esteem and performance outcome as these variables related to causal attribution. Subjects with low, medium, and high self-esteem attributed success and failure outcomes at an achievement-related task to ability, effort, task difficulty, and luck. Results indicated that (a) success was attributed more that? failure to ability and effort, (b) performance outcomes consistent with self-esteem were attributed more than inconsistent outcomes to ability and task difficulty, and (c) performance outcomes inconsistent with self-esteem were attributed more than consistent outcomes to luck. Only the attribution pattern resulting for effort was not largely a function of consistency (or inconsistency) of performance feedback. Rather, performance outcome itself was the dominant influence. The significance of these results is discussed.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2224/sbp.1978.6.2.211

Publication date: January 1, 1978

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