REACTIONS TO VICTIMS OF CRIME: SYMPATHY, DEFENSIVE ATTRIBUTION, AND THE JUST WORLD
Abstract:Two studies were conducted that explored observers' perceptions of the responsibility of a victim for her involvement in a premeditated crime. Male and female college students listened to tapes of a purported victim describing a crime (either a rape or a mugging). Severity of crime was manipulated by having some of the crimes described as unsuccessful attempts and others as successful ones. There was a general tendency toward what we have called a sympathetic reaction pattern, that is, for victims to be assigned less responsibility the more severe the crime. This effect was strongest among those individuals who believed they had a low probability of encountering a fate similar to that of the victim. Those individuals who believed they had a high probability of encountering a fate similar to the victim's tended to make defensive attributions.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: January 1, 1977
More about this publication?
- The Journal's core purpose is scientific communication in the disciplines of Social Psychology, Developmental and Personality Psychology
- Editorial Board
- Information for Authors
- Submit a Paper
- Subscribe to this Title
- Terms & Conditions
- Contact the Publisher
- Manuscript Guidelines
- ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites