If you are experiencing problems downloading PDF or HTML fulltext, our helpdesk recommend clearing your browser cache and trying again. If you need help in clearing your cache, please click here . Still need help? Email help@ingentaconnect.com


$39.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Buy Article:


This article reports the results of an empirical study to investigate the reference group orientations of industrially employed professionals. Sample personnel included 128 engineers and 51 scientists, who were divided into four personnel types: locals, cosmopolitans, local/cosmopolitans, and uncommitted. Through a questionnaire survey, sample respondents provided data reflecting their level of commitment to a variety of groups in which they held membership. Primary findings of the study include the following: (a) among engineers, both cosmopolitans and local/cosmopolitans exhibit stronger orientations toward their internal work groups and external professional engineering groups than locals, and (b) among scientists, locals possess a stronger orientation toward their internal departments than cosmopolitans.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2224/sbp.1977.5.2.257

Publication date: January 1, 1977

More about this publication?
Related content



Share Content

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more