CHANGING THE SELF-CONCEPTS OF SEVEN-YEAR. OLD DEPRIVED URBAN CHILDREN BY CREATIVE DRAMA OR VIDEOFEEDBACK
Deprived urban seven-year-olds were expected to more adequately describe current self and self projected into the future both verbally and nonverbally after systematic training in creative drama (study 1) and after videofeedback of themselves in action (study 2). In each study 10 children were randomly assigned to both experimental and control groups. Self and man drawings and verbal statements describing “I am” and “in ten years I will be” were individually collected before and after experimental manipulations or equivalent passage of time. Variance, which was analyzed for two factors (experimental/control) and two repeated measures (before/after)∼ indicated that children with experience of creative drama significantly improved their self and man drawings and gave more verbal descriptions showing awareness of individual differences both for current and future self. Similar analysis for the videofeedback experiment showed that children who had seen themselves in action drew themselves, but not a man, significantly more accurately; verbally were significantly more conscious of individual differences (current self), physical characteristics (both now and persisting in the future), and able to compare future self with “generalized others”.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 1977-01-01
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