EFFECT OF DIRECT EXPOSURE TO FOREIGN TARGET GROUPS ON DESCRIPTIVE STEREOTYPES HELD BY AMERICAN STUDENT
Abstract:Seventy-seven American college students enrolled in a semester-at-sea program rated four target groups before and after exposure in their own national settings (in the case of English, French, and Italians), on a rating instrument (Peabody, 1968) designed to discriminate between descriptive and evaluative judgments in stereotyping. The primary purpose was to assess the effects of in vivo exposure on descriptive stereotypes. The greatest change was in the stereotypic profile of the English, with statistically significant shifts on 9 of 14 behavioral traits, mostly toward “loser” impulse expression. Descriptive stereotypes of the French, Italians, and Americans, and evaluative stereotypes of all four groups, received few statistically significant changes. For all groups, the trend reflected in pre-post evaluative judgments was in the favorable direction.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: January 1, 1976
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