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LIKING AND POWER AS FACTORS AFFECTING COALITION CHOICES IN THE TRIAD

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The effects of resource capability and interpersonal attraction on coalition behavior were studied. Power was distributed the same way in all triads (A = 4, B = 3, C = 2). Male and female subjects were asked to play the role of B and were distributed across three experimental conditions: (1) no additional information was provided; (2) subjects were informed that A and B had similar attitudes and that C had dissimilar attitudes; or (3) subjects were informed that B and C had similar attitudes and that A had dissimilar attitudes. Subjects were asked to select a coalition partner, predict which coalition would form, and estimate how the winnings would be distributed between coalition partners. Males chose A and C equally often in all experimental conditions, but most frequently predicted that the BC coalition would form and estimated that winnings would be distributed by a norm of equity. In contrast, females chose the liked person as a coalition partner, predicted that attracted persons would form coalitions, and estimated that winnings would be distributed according to a norm of equality. The implications of the results for game, minimum power, and relational theories of coalition behavior are discussed.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 1976-01-01

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