CHILDREN COPING WITH CRISIS IN PAPUA NEW GUINEA AND AUSTRALIA: A CROSS-CULTURAL APPLICATION OF AN ANALOGUE

$39.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Buy Article:

Abstract:

The extinction period of an instrumental learning paradigm was employed,. as by Viney and Clarke (1974), as an experimental analogue of Caplan's concept of crisis. Data from Papua New Guinea and Australian preschool children indicated that: (1) Papua New Guinea children made more fixed responses, as predicted, but showed fewer “giving up” reactions than Australian children; (2) no differences were found between children from two Papua New Guinea subcultures; and (3) in terms of replication of earlier results (a) the negative effect of the loss of social rather than non-social sources of need satisfaction in the “crisis” on “giving up” only was fully 78confirmed, and (b) the positive effects of the availability of so cial rather than non-social stimuli during the ”crisis” on fixed responses, frustration, and the more adaptive seeking of new, alternative responses were noted for the children of both cultures but were especially salient within the Papua New Guinea sample.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2224/sbp.1976.4.1.1

Publication date: January 1, 1976

More about this publication?
Related content

Tools

Favourites

Share Content

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more