MASCULININTY-FEMININITY AND ACCURACY OF SEX ROLE ASCRIPTION
To examine relationships between masculinity-femininity, presence of same or opposite sex sibling, and accuracy of cross-sex role-taking, 92 male and female undergraduates classified the 20 items comprising Smith's (1968) Masculinity-Femininity Scale according the sex-role characteristics. Femininity and role-taking accuracy were positively correlated among males (p < 0.01) and negatively correlated among females (p < 0.02), but only one of the four comparisons for sibling effects reached significance (p < 0.05). It is suggested that greater role-taking accuracy among feminine scoring-males and masculine scoring-females results from problematic sex-role identification, and the findings are interpreted in terms of stabilizing mechanisms postulated by interpersonal congruency theory.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 1974-01-01
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