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A RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN FIELD-DEPENDENCY-INDEPENDENCY AND SET: A WESTERN AND SOVIET VIEW

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Abstract:

Students were classed as field dependent or field independent using Witkin's Rod and Frame and the Embedded Figures Test. In addition, each of the 269 grade 8 subjects performed Uznadze's set tasks. The number of trials required for excitation and extinction in the haptic and visual modality were noted. The field-dependent-independent groups, based on each test, were compared with their ability to excite and extinguish a set. A chi-square was used to test statistical significance. It was found that the field dependent and field independent groups differed in their ability to extinguish a set but not to excite a set. The differences were interpreted as supporting Witkin's hypothesis involving Einstellung.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.1973.1.1.23

Publication date: 1973-01-01

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