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Photothermal Lens Spectrometry Measurements in Highly Turbid Media

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Abstract:

We measured the photothermal lens signal in samples exhibiting high turbidity using a pump-probe scheme. We show that the photothermal lens signal properties remain nearly unchanged up to values of turbidity of 6 cm−1 despite the signal reduction due to the decrease of excitation power associated to turbidity losses. The signal starts decreasing abruptly for values of turbidity larger than 6 cm−1. Multiple light scattering yields a reduction of the temperature gradients, which results in a decrease of the effective signal. However, the signal-to-noise ratio remains above 50 for turbidity values of 9 cm−1, which corresponds to a reduction of light transmission by more than four orders of magnitude. We report on the detection of the photothermal lens signal through a 2 mm layer of organic tissue with a signal-to-noise ratio of about 500. This technique appears promising for imaging applications in organic samples, which usually exhibit high turbidity for visible and near-infrared light.

Keywords: Absorption spectroscopy.; Photothermal effects; Scattering effect; Thermal lens spectrometry

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1366/12-06970

Affiliations: Delaware State University, Department of Physics and Engineering and Optical Science Center for Applied Research, 1200 North Dupont Highway, Dover, DE 19901 USA

Publication date: September 1, 2013

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