Comparative Investigation of Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) Spectroscopy and X-ray Diffraction (XRD) in the Determination of Cotton Fiber Crystallinity

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Abstract:

Despite considerable efforts in developing curve-fitting protocols to evaluate the crystallinity index (CI) from X-ray diffraction (XRD) measurements, in its present state XRD can only provide a qualitative or semi-quantitative assessment of the amounts of crystalline or amorphous fraction in a sample. The greatest barrier to establishing quantitative XRD is the lack of appropriate cellulose standards, which are needed to calibrate the XRD measurements. In practice, samples with known CI are very difficult to prepare or determine. In a previous study,14 we reported the development of a simple algorithm for determining fiber crystallinity information from Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy. Hence, in this study we not only compared the fiber crystallinity information between FT-IR and XRD measurements, by developing a simple XRD algorithm in place of a time-consuming and subjective curve-fitting process, but we also suggested a direct way of determining cotton cellulose CI by calibrating XRD with the use of CIIR as references.

Keywords: Cellulose; Cotton fiber; Crystallinity index; FT-IR spectroscopy; Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy; X-ray diffraction; XRD

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1366/12-06611

Affiliations: USDA, ARS, Cotton Quality Research Station, P.O. Box 792, Clemson, SC 29633 USA

Publication date: August 1, 2012

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