Time-Resolved Diffuse Optical Spectroscopy up to 1700 nm by Means of a Time-Gated InGaAs/InP Single-Photon Avalanche Diode

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We present a new compact system for time-domain diffuse optical spectroscopy of highly scattering media operating in the wavelength range from 1100 nm to 1700 nm. So far, this technique has been exploited mostly up to 1100 nm: we extended the spectral range by means of a pulsed supercontinuum light source at a high repetition rate, a prism to spectrally disperse the radiation, and a time-gated InGaAs/InP single-photon avalanche diode working up to 1700 nm. A time-correlated single-photon counting board was used as processing electronics. The system is characterized by linear behavior up to absorption values of about 3.4 cm−1 where the relative error is 17%. A first measurement performed on lipids is presented: the absorption spectrum shows three major peaks at 1200 nm, 1400 nm, and 1700 nm.

Keywords: InGaAs/InP; Photon migration; SPAD; Single-photon avalanche diode; Supercontinuum; Time-resolved spectroscopy; Turbid media

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1366/11-06461

Affiliations: Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Fisica, Piazza Leonardo da Vinci 32, 20133 Milano, Italy

Publication date: August 1, 2012

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