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Multimodal Spectral Imaging of Cells Using a Transmission Diffraction Grating on a Light Microscope

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Abstract:

A multimodal methodology for spectral imaging of cells is presented. The spectral imaging setup uses a transmission diffraction grating on a light microscope to concurrently record spectral images of cells and cellular organelles by fluorescence, darkfield, brightfield, and differential interference contrast (DIC) spectral microscopy. Initially, the setup was applied for fluorescence spectral imaging of yeast and mammalian cells labeled with multiple fluorophores. Fluorescence signals originating from fluorescently labeled biomolecules in cells were collected through triple or single filter cubes, separated by the grating, and imaged using a charge-coupled device (CCD) camera. Cellular components such as nuclei, cytoskeleton, and mitochondria were spatially separated by the fluorescence spectra of the fluorophores present in them, providing detailed multi-colored spectral images of cells. Additionally, the grating-based spectral microscope enabled measurement of scattering and absorption spectra of unlabeled cells and stained tissue sections using darkfield and brightfield or DIC spectral microscopy, respectively. The presented spectral imaging methodology provides a readily affordable approach for multimodal spectral characterization of biological cells and other specimens.

Keywords: BRIGHTFIELD; DARKFIELD; DIC; DIFFERENTIAL INTERFERENCE CONTRAST; FLUORESCENCE; INDEX HEADINGS: SPECTRAL IMAGING; LIGHT MICROSCOPY; SINGLE CELL; SPECTROSCOPY; TRANSMISSION DIFFRACTION GRATING

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1366/10-06104

Affiliations: 1: Department of Chemistry, University of Toledo, Toledo, Ohio 43606, USA. Dragan.Isailovic@utoledo.edu 2: Department of Chemistry, University of Toledo, Toledo, Ohio 43606, USA 3: Department of Chemistry, University of Toledo, Toledo, Ohio 43606, USA; Findlay High School, Findlay, OH 45840, USA 4: Department of Pharmacology, University of Toledo, Toledo, Ohio 43606, USA

Publication date: June 1, 2011

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