A Matrix-Based Two-Dimensional Regularization Algorithm for Signal-to-Noise Ratio Enhancement of Multidimensional Spectral Data

Authors: Foist, Rod B.1; Foist, Rod B.1; Schulze, H. Georg2; Schulze, H. Georg2; Jirasek, Andrew3; Jirasek, Andrew3; Ivanov, Andre4; Ivanov, Andre4; Turner, Robin F. B.5; Turner, Robin F. B.5

Source: Applied Spectroscopy, Volume 64, Issue 11, Pages 296A-312A and 1191-1310 (November 2010) , pp. 1209-1219(11)

Publisher: Society for Applied Spectroscopy

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Abstract:

We present a new spectral image processing algorithm, the “matrix maximum entropy method” (MxMEM), which offers efficient signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) enhancement of multidimensional spectral data. MxMEM is based upon two previous regularization methods that employ the maximum entropy concept. The first is a one-dimensional (1D) algorithm, which smoothes individual vectors, called the two-point maximum entropy method (TPMEM). The second is a two-dimensional (2D) form called 2D TPMEM, that smoothes images but processes them one vector at a time. MxMEM is a truly two dimensional image processing algorithm in that its “smoothing engine” performs two-dimensional processing in every iteration. We demonstrate that this matrix-based construction makes more effective use of two-dimensionally embedded information and thus confers significant advantages over other regularization approaches. In addition, we utilize the concept that individual related Raman spectra can be combined in a matrix to form an artificial Raman “image”. We show that, when processed as an image, superior SNR enhancement is achieved compared to processing the same data by TPMEM one spectrum at a time.

Keywords: IMAGE PROCESSING ALGORITHM; SIGNAL-TO-NOISE RATIO ENHANCEMENT; SNR; TWO-DIMENSIONAL REGULARIZATION; TWO-DIMENSIONAL SPECTRAL SMOOTHING

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1366/000370210793335142

Affiliations: 1: Michael Smith Laboratories, The University of British Columbia, 2185 East Mall, Vancouver, BC, Canada, V6T 1Z4; Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, The University of British Columbia, 2332 Main Mall, Vancouver, BC, Canada, V6T 1Z4 2: Michael Smith Laboratories, The University of British Columbia, 2185 East Mall, Vancouver, BC, Canada, V6T 1Z4 3: Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Victoria, 3800 Finnerty Road, Victoria, BC, Canada, V8W 3P6 4: Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, The University of British Columbia, 2332 Main Mall, Vancouver, BC, Canada, V6T 1Z4 5: Michael Smith Laboratories, The University of British Columbia, 2185 East Mall, Vancouver, BC, Canada, V6T 1Z4; Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, The University of British Columbia, 2332 Main Mall, Vancouver, BC, Canada, V6T 1Z4; Department of Chemistry, The University of British Columbia, 2036 Main Mall, Vancouver, BC, Canada, V6T 1Z1. turner@msl.ubc.ca

Publication date: November 1, 2010

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