Fluorescent Determination of Hg2+ in Water and Fish Samples Using a Chemodosimeter Based in a Rhodamine 6G Derivative and a Portable Fiber-Optic Spectrofluorimeter

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Abstract:

A fluorimetric chemodosimeter (FC1), based on a Rhodamine 6G derivative, is proposed for the recognition of Hg2+ ions in water and fish samples. The reagent shows a highly selective and sensitive reaction with Hg2+, giving rise to strong fluorescence emission at 555 nm. The obvious color change of the solution from colorless to pink upon the addition of Hg2+ demonstrates that FC1 can be used for "naked-eye" detection of Hg2+ in water effluents. The fluorescence intensity is proportional to the amount of Hg2+ at ng mL−1 levels, and it is capable of distinguishing between safe and toxic levels of inorganic mercury in drinking water and fish samples. The procedure has been implemented in a portable instrument composed of a 515 nm light-emitting diode (LED) excitation source, two fiber optics, and a charge-coupled device (CCD) camera as detector, connected to a portable computer for data acquisition and analysis, intended for in situ determination of mercury, offering a viable alternative to a conventional spectrofluorimeter. The proposed method has been applied to different water and fish samples with satisfactory results.

Keywords: CHEMODOSIMETER; FISH ANALYSIS; HG2+; LED; LIGHT-EMITTED DIODE; MERCURIC ION; WATER ANALYSIS

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1366/000370210791211600

Affiliations: 1: Technological Institute of Food and Agriculture (INTAEX), 06071 Badajoz, Spain 2: Department of Analytical Chemistry, University of Extremadura, 06006, Badajoz, Spain

Publication date: May 1, 2010

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