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Monitoring of the Thickness of Ultraviolet-Cured Pigmented Coatings and Printed Layers by Near-Infrared Spectroscopy

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Abstract:

Near-infrared (NIR) reflection spectroscopy was used for the determination of the thickness or the coating weight, respectively, of white-pigmented acrylic coatings and layers of printing inks. The thickness of coatings was studied in the range from 5 to 60 μm, whereas the coating weights of the printed layers covered a range between 1 to 5 g m–2. Quantitative analysis of the spectral data relied on partial least squares (PLS) regression. A thickness gauge or gravimetry, respectively, were used to obtain reference data. Calibration models were typically based on six factors. The corresponding root mean square errors of prediction (RMSEP) were found to be on the order of 0.87 for coatings and 0.38 for printed layers. Monitoring of the coating thickness under process conditions was carried out on a pilot-scale roll coating machine. In order to simulate thickness changes during a coating process, either the nip between the applicator rolls or the web speed was varied. Data with high precision (standard deviation ∼1 μm for coatings, ∼0.4 g m–2 for printed layers) and an excellent correlation with off-line reference data were obtained. The investigations have shown that NIR spectroscopy can be used for process control in coating and curing technology.

Keywords: CHEMOMETRICS; COATINGS; IN-LINE MONITORING; NEAR-INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY; NIR REFLECTION SPECTROSCOPY; PARTIAL LEAST SQUARES; PHOTOPOLYMERIZATION; PLS; REGRESSION

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1366/000370210791114310

Affiliations: 1: Leibniz Institute of Surface Modification (IOM), Permoserstr. 15, D-04318 Leipzig, Germany 2: Leibniz Institute of Surface Modification (IOM), Permoserstr. 15, D-04318 Leipzig, Germany;, Email: tom.scherzer@iom-leipzig.de

Publication date: April 1, 2010

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