Novel Search Algorithms for a Mid-Infrared Spectral Library of Cotton Contaminants

$29.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Buy Article:

Abstract:

During harvest, a variety of plant based contaminants are collected along with cotton lint. The USDA previously created a mid-infrared, attenuated total reflection (ATR), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectral library of cotton contaminants for contaminant identification as the contaminants have negative impacts on yarn quality. This library has shown impressive identification rates for extremely similar cellulose based contaminants in cases where the library was representative of the samples searched. When spectra of contaminant samples from crops grown in different geographic locations, seasons, and conditions and measured with a different spectrometer and accessories were searched, identification rates for standard search algorithms decreased significantly. Six standard algorithms were examined: dot product, correlation, sum of absolute values of differences, sum of the square root of the absolute values of differences, sum of absolute values of differences of derivatives, and sum of squared differences of derivatives. Four categories of contaminants derived from cotton plants were considered: leaf, stem, seed coat, and hull. Experiments revealed that the performance of the standard search algorithms depended upon the category of sample being searched and that different algorithms provided complementary information about sample identity. These results indicated that choosing a single standard algorithm to search the library was not possible. Three voting scheme algorithms based on result frequency, result rank, category frequency, or a combination of these factors for the results returned by the standard algorithms were developed and tested for their capability to overcome the unpredictability of the standard algorithms' performances. The group voting scheme search was based on the number of spectra from each category of samples represented in the library returned in the top ten results of the standard algorithms. This group algorithm was able to identify correctly as many test spectra as the best standard algorithm without relying on human choice to select a standard algorithm to perform the searches.

Keywords: ATR; ATTENUATED TOTAL REFLECTION; CHEMOMETRICS; CONTAMINANTS; COTTON; FT-IR SPECTROSCOPY; INFRARED FOURIER TRANSFORM INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY; SEARCH ALGORITHM; SPECTRAL LIBRARY; SPECTRAL SEARCH SYSTEM; VOTING SCHEME ALGORITHM

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1366/000370208784657968

Affiliations: Department of Chemistry, The University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602-2556; USDA, ARS, Richard B. Russell Research Center, Athens, Georgia 30604-5677

Publication date: June 1, 2008

More about this publication?
Related content

Tools

Favourites

Share Content

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more