Remote Raman Spectra of Benzene Obtained from 217 Meters Using a Single 532 nm Laser Pulse

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Abstract:

This report describes a mobile Raman lidar system that has been developed for spectral measurements of samples located remotely at ranges of hundreds of meters. The performance of this system has been quantitatively verified in a lidar calibration experiment using a hard target of standardized reflectance. A new record in detection range was achieved for remote Raman systems using 532 nm laser excitation. Specifically, Raman spectra of liquid benzene were measured with an integration time corresponding to a single 532 nm laser pulse at a distance of 217 meters. The single-shot Raman spectra at 217 meters demonstrated high signal-to-noise ratio and good resolution sufficient for the unambiguous identification of the samples of interest. The transmitter consists of a 20 Hz Nd:YAG laser emitting at 532 nm and 1064 nm and a 178 mm telescope through the use of which allows the system to produce a focused beam at the target location. The receiver consists of a large custom telescope (609 mm aperture) and a Czerny–Turner monochromator equipped with two fast photomultiplier tubes.

Keywords: RAMAN LIDAR; REMOTE RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY; SINGLE PULSE RAMAN

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1366/000370207781269756

Affiliations: 1: Department of Physics and Astronomy, 2505 Correa Road, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, Hawaii 96822 2: Hawaii Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, 2525 Correa Road, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii 96822

Publication date: June 1, 2007

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