Detection of Trace Water Vapor in High-Purity Phosphine Using Cavity Ring-down Spectroscopy

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Abstract:

The presence of trace water vapor in process gases such as phosphine, used for compound semiconductor epitaxial growth, can negatively affect the optical and electrical properties of the final device. Therefore, sensitive H2O measurement techniques are required to monitor precursor purity and detect unacceptable contamination levels. A commercial cavity ring-down spectrometer that monitors an H2O absorption line at a wavelength of 1392.53 nm was investigated for service in high purity PH3. Spectral parameters such as the line shape of water vapor in the presence of PH3 as well as background features due to PH3 were measured at different pressures and incorporated into the data analysis software for accurate moisture readings. Test concentrations generated with a diffusion vialbased H2O source and dilution manifold were used to verify instrument accuracy, sensitivity, linearity, and response time. H2O readings at 13.2 kPa corresponded well to added concentrations (slope=0.990 ± 0.01) and were linear in the tested range (0–52.7 nmol mol−1). The analyzer was sensitive to changes in H2O concentration of 1.3 nmol mol−1 based on 3σ of the calibration curve intercept for a weighted linear fit. Local PH3 absorption features that could not be distinguished from the H2O line were present in the purified PH3 spectra and resulted in an additional systematic uncertainty of 9.0 nmol mol−1. Equilibration to changing H2O levels at a flow rate of 80 std cm3 min−1 PH3 occurred in 10–30 minutes. The results indicate that cavity ring-down spectroscopy (CRDS) at 1392.53 nm may be useful for applications such as on-line monitoring (and dry-down) of phosphine gas delivery lines or the quality control of cylinder sources.

Keywords: 1392.53 NM H2O TRANSITION; CAVITY RING-DOWN SPECTROSCOPY; DRY-DOWN; MOISTURE; ON-LINE MONITORING; OXYGEN CONTAMINATION; PHOSPHINE; WATER VAPOR

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1366/000370207780466307

Affiliations: 1: Matheson Tri-Gas, Inc., Advanced Technology Center, 1861 Lefthand Circle, Longmont, Colorado 80501 2: National Institute of Standards and Technology, Optoelectronics Division, Mailcode 815.04, 325 Broadway, Boulder, Colorado 80305-3328 3: Tiger Optics, 250 Titus Avenue, Warrington, Pennsylvania 18976

Publication date: April 1, 2007

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