Excitation–Emission Matrix Fluorescence Spectroscopy for Natural Organic Matter Characterization: A Quantitative Evaluation of Calibration and Spectral Correction Procedures

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Abstract:

The influence of different data collection procedures and of wavelength-dependent instrumental biases on fluorescence excitation-emission matrix (EEM) spectral analysis of aqueous organic matter samples was investigated. Particular attention was given to fluorescence contours (spectral shape) and peak fluorescence intensities. Instrumental bias was evaluated by independently applying excitation and emission correction factors to the raw excitation and emission data, respectively. The peak fluorescence intensities of representative natural organic matter and tryptophan were significantly influenced by the application of excitation and emission spectral correction factors and by the manner in which the raw data was collected. Humification and fluorescence indices were also influenced by emission correction factors but were independent of reference (excitation) intensity normalization or correction. EEM surface contours were dependent on normalization of the fluorescence intensity to the reference intensity but were not influenced by either excitation or emission spectral correction factors. Authors should be explicit in how excitation and emission spectral correction procedures are implemented in their investigations, which will help to facilitate intra-laboratory comparisons and data sharing.

Keywords: CALIBRATION; FLUOROMETERS; NATURAL ORGANIC MATTER; PEAK INTENSITY; PEAK LOCATION; SPECTRAL CORRECTION

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1366/000370206777886973

Affiliations: 1: Surface and Microanalysis Science Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899 2: Biochemical Science Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899 3: Statistical Engineering Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899

Publication date: July 1, 2006

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