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Spectral Variable Selection for Partial Least Squares Calibration Applied to Authentication and Quantification of Extra Virgin Olive Oils Using Fourier Transform Raman Spectroscopy

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Abstract:

The limits of quantitative multivariate assays for the analysis of extra virgin olive oil samples from various Greek sites adulterated by sunflower oil have been evaluated based on their Fourier transform (FT) Raman spectra. Different strategies for wavelength selection were tested for calculating optimal partial least squares (PLS) models. Compared to the full spectrum methods previously applied, the optimum standard error of prediction (SEP) for the sunflower oil concentrations in spiked olive oil samples could be significantly reduced. One efficient approach (PMMS, pair-wise minima and maxima selection) used a special variable selection strategy based on a pair-wise consideration of significant respective minima and maxima of PLS regression vectors, calculated for broad spectral intervals and a low number of PLS factors. PMMS provided robust calibration models with a small number of variables. On the other hand, the Tabu search strategy recently published (search process guided by restrictions leading to Tabu list) achieved lower SEP values but at the cost of extensive computing time when searching for a global minimum and less robust calibration models. Robustness was tested by using packages of ten and twenty randomly selected samples within cross-validation for calculating independent prediction values. The best SEP values for a one year's harvest with a total number of 66 Cretian samples were obtained by such spectral variable optimized PLS calibration models using leave-20-out cross-validation (values between 0.5 and 0.7% by weight). For the more complex population of olive oil samples from all over Greece (total number of 92 samples), results were between 0.7 and 0.9% by weight with a cross-validation sample package size of 20. Notably, the calibration method with Tabu variable selection has been shown to be a valid chemometric approach by which a single model can be applied with a low SEP of 1.4% for olive oil samples across three different harvest years.

Keywords: FOOD QUALITY ANALYSIS; FOURIER TRANSFORM RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY; FT-RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY; OLIVE OIL ADULTERATION; PARTIAL LEAST SQUARES; PLS; SUNFLOWER OIL; WAVELENGTH SELECTION

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1366/000370205774430927

Affiliations: 1: ISAS—Institute for Analytical Sciences at the University of Dortmund, Bunsen-Kirchhoff-Str. 11, D-44139 Dortmund, Germany 2: Waters Informatics, Europaallee 27-29, D-50226 Frechen, Germany and External Professor at University of Glamorgan, Pontypridd, Mid-Glamorgan, CF37 1DL, U.K. 3: School of Applied Sciences, University of Glamorgan, Pontypridd, Mid-Glamorgan, CF37 1DL, U.K.

Publication date: October 1, 2005

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