Vibrational Circular Dichroism in General Anisotropic Thin Solid Films: Measurement and Theoretical Approach
Abstract:In this study, the measurement of the true vibrational circular dichroism (VCD) spectrum is considered from an experimental and theoretical approach for any general anisotropic thin solid sample exhibiting linear as well as circular birefringence (LB, CB) and dichroism (LD, CD) properties. For this purpose, we have made use of a simple model α-helix polypeptide, namely, the poly(γ-benzylL-glutamate) or PBLG, reference sample possessing a well-known VCD spectrum and giving rise to slightly oriented films by deposition onto a solid substrate. Also, we have used a different Fourier transform infrared modulation of polarization (PM-FTIR) optical setup with two-channel electronic processing in order to record the PM-VLD and PM-VCD spectra for various sample orientations in its film plane. All the corresponding general relations of the expected intensities in these experiments and the related properly designed calibration measurements were established using the Stokes–Mueller formalism; in addition, the residual birefringence of the optical setup and the transmittance anisotropy of the detector were estimated. From a comparative study of the results obtained in solution and in the solid state, we then propose a simple new experimental procedure to extract the true VCD spectrum of an oriented PBLG thin film: its consists of calculating the half-sum of two spectra recorded at and at ± 90° sample orientations. Moreover, the complete linear and circular birefringence and dichroism properties of the ordered PBLG thin film are estimated in the amide I and amide II vibrational regions. This allows us to establish for any sample orientation various theoretical simulations of the VCD spectra that agree nicely with the observed experimental results; this confirms that the measurement of LD and LB is in this case a prerequisite in simulating the true VCD spectrum of a partly oriented anisotropic sample. This validates our combined experimental and theoretical approach and opens the route to promising future vibrational CD studies on other macroscopic anisotropic thin film samples.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Laboratoire de Physico-Chimie Moléculaire (LPCM), UMR 5803 CNRS, Université Bordeaux I, 351 cours de la Libération, 33405 Talence, France
Publication date: June 1, 2005
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