Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectra of Calf Thymus DNA Adsorbed on Concentrated Silver Colloid

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Abstract:

Raman and surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) spectra of calf thymus DNA were investigated. We have carried out improvements to the silver colloid preparation method of Lee and Meisel in two respects. In one method, the silver sol was boiled with rapid stirring for over two hours. In the second method, the silver sol was concentrated by centrifugation before adding it to the DNA solution. The resulting hydrosol could be stored for 15 months because of its high stabilization. Structural information with respect to the phosphate backbone, deoxyribose, and four bases of DNA could be obtained before and after the DNA solutions were added to the concentrated Ag colloid substrate. The intensities of almost all characteristic bands assigned to various groups of the components of DNA were enhanced to a remarkable degree. The enhancement effect of the DNA solution at neutral pH 7.0 was obviously much better than that at acidic pH 3.4 or at alkaline pH 8.5. Intensity increases of the SERS bands of the DNA solution with time were observed. The SERS signals obtained 16 hours after the interaction of the Ag colloid with the DNA solution were much better than the SERS signals obtained just after the mixed liquid was prepared. This method can be widely used to store the Ag colloid for long times and to obtain the SERS spectra of DNA molecules, and it can further be used to study the adsorption behavior of solute biomacromolecules in different solvents.

Keywords: CALF THYMUS DNA; CONCENTRATED; SERS; SILVER COLLOID; SURFACE-ENHANCED RAMAN SCATTERING

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1366/0003702053641487

Affiliations: Analysis and Test Center, Jiangsu Provincial Key Laboratory for Photoelectric Technology, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210097, P.R.China

Publication date: April 1, 2005

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