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Simple Fiber-Optic-Based Sensors for Process Monitoring: An Application in Wine Quality Control Monitoring

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Abstract:

The goal of this research was to develop a simple and economical fiber-optic sensor technology for agrifood process monitoring. Toward this end, two fiber-optic sensors were developed to be used in combination: a single reflection V-bend sensor and a single fiber air-gap probe. The former is designed to be sensitive toward refractive index and the latter towards absorption. Experiments indicate that the micromachined V-bend fiber refractometer is most sensitive when the bend angle is centered around 140 degrees, at which angle the sensor may resolve changes in refractive index as small as 0.00015. Additionally, the V-bend sensor was found to be non-responsive toward sample absorption even in extremely absorbing solutions. The air-gap design absorption sensor, most commonly used for measurements in highly colored media, was found to be slightly sensitive towards refractive index. When the two sensors are used together, the response of the absorption sensor may be corrected for. This sensor combination is able to provide accurate measurements in situations where Beer's law is not obeyed. Results are presented that show that the sensor pair was successfully used to monitor wine sugar content (Brix), and color density and hue, parameters related to the age of the wine.

Keywords: ABSORPTION; AGRIFOOD; CRITICAL ANGLE; FIBER-OPTIC SENSOR; PROCESS MONITORING; REFRACTIVE INDEX; WINE QUALITY CONTROL

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1366/0003702041655476

Affiliations: INO, 2740 Einstein Street, Sainte-Foy, Qu├ębec, Canada G1P 4S4

Publication date: August 1, 2004

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