Use of Infrared Spectroscopy for the Determination of Electronegativity of Rare Earth Elements

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Infrared spectroscopy has been used to study a series of synthetic agardite minerals. Four OH stretching bands are observed at around 3568, 3482, 3362, and 3296 cm-1. The first band is assigned to zeolitic, non-hydrogen-bonded water. The band at 3296 cm-1 is assigned to strongly hydrogen-bonded water with an H bond distance of 2.72 Å. The water in agardites is better described as structured water and not as zeolitic water. Two bands at around 999 and 975 cm-1 are assigned to OH deformation modes. Two sets of AsO symmetric stretching vibrations were found and assigned to the vibrational modes of AsO4 and HAsO4 units. Linear relationships between positions of infrared bands associated with bonding to the OH units and the electronegativity of the rare earth elements were derived, with correlation coefficients >0.92. These linear functions were then used to calculate the electronegativity of Eu, for which a value of 1.1808 on the Pauling scale was found.

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: Inorganic Materials Research Program, School of Physical and Chemical Sciences, Queensland University of Technology, GPO Box 2434, Brisbane Queensland 4001, Australia

Publication date: July 1, 2004

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