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Analysis and Application of the Transmission Spectrum of a Composite Optical Waveguide

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Abstract:

A composite optical waveguide (OWG) was fabricated by use of the masked sputtering method to deposit a tapered TiO2 film onto a single-mode potassium ion-exchanged (PIE) planar waveguide. Using the slab OWG spectroscopy apparatus, including a xenon lamp and a charge-coupled device (CCD) spectrometer, transmission spectra of the composite OWG with different superstrates were measured in the wavelength range 400 to 900 nm. The findings show that the composite OWG transmission spectrum is sensitive to the refractive index of the liquid overlaid on the TiO2 film. The sensing mechanism is considered to be the liquid-index-induced change in surface-scattering loss for the guided mode coupled adiabatically from the PIE layer into the TiO2 film. The composite OWG transmission spectrum and its response to liquid index exhibit strong polarization dependence due to large differences in properties between the TE0 and TM0 modes in the TiO2 film. The composite OWG transmission spectroscopy as a new refractometry was analyzed experimentally and theoretically.

Keywords: COMPOSITE OPTICAL WAVEGUIDE; LIQUID-INDEX SENSING; SURFACE-SCATTERING LOSS; TRANSMISSION SPECTROSCOPY

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1366/000370202760295485

Publication date: September 1, 2002

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