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Wavelength Calibration of a Dispersive Near-Infrared Spectrometer Using Trichloromethane as a Calibration Standard

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Abstract:

Since differences in wavelength calibration between instruments are arguably a primary source of error encountered in the transfer of calibration models from one instrument to another in near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy, a readily available, convenient, inexpensive secondary wavelength calibration standard for the NIR spectral region is needed. This paper describes the advantages of trichloromethane as a wavelength standard for the calibration of dispersive NIR spectrometers used in the transmission mode. The spectrum of trichloromethane, taken with a Fourier transform NIR spectrometer whose wavenumber scale was calibrated with the ro-vibrational lines of ethyne as determined by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), is presented. The wavelengths of four strong, sharp, well-resolved bands of trichloromethane were determined with the calibrated Fourier transform NIR spectrometer and were found to be 1152.13 ± 0.01 nm (3υ1), 1410.21 ± 0.01 nm (2υ1 + υ4), 1691.9 ± 0.7 nm (2υ1), and 1861.22 ± 0.01 nm (υ1 + 2υ4). These bands were then used to calibrate the wavelength scale of a commercial 0.25 m monochromator equipped with a 300 line mm-1 grating. The calibration revealed that, while the wavelength scale of the monochromator was linear, there was a systematic error of about +12 nm in the NIR region.

Keywords: CALIBRATION; CHLOROFORM; NEAR-INFRARED; SPECTROMETER; SPECTROSCOPY; SPECTRUM; STANDARDS; WAVELENGTH

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1366/0003702001950995

Affiliations: Center for Analytical Spectroscopy, B. U. Box 97348, Baylor University, Waco, Texas 76798-7348

Publication date: September 1, 2000

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