Skip to main content

Luminescence Lifetime Imaging of Oxygen, pH, and Carbon Dioxide Distribution Using Optical Sensors

Buy Article:

$29.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)


We present a modular system for time-resolved two-dimensional luminescence lifetime imaging of planar optical chemical sensors. It is based on a fast, gateable charge-coupled device (CCD) camera without image intensifier and a pulsable light-emitting diode (LED) array as a light source. Software was developed for data acquisition with a maximum of parameter variability and for background suppression. This approach allows the operation of the system even under daylight. Optical sensors showing analyte-specific changes of their luminescence decay time were tested and used for sensing pO2, pCO2, pH, and temperature. The luminophores employed are either platinum(II)-porphyrins or ruthenium(II)-polypyridyl complexes, contained in polymer films, and can be efficiently excited by blue LEDs. The decay times of the sensor films vary from 70mus for the Pt(II)-porphyrins to several 100 ns for the Ru(II) complexes. In a typical application, 7 mm-diameter spots of the respective optical sensor films were placed at the bottom of the wells of microtiter-plates. Thus, every well represents a separate calibration chamber with an integrated sensor element. Both luminescence intensity-based and time-resolved images of the sensor spots were evaluated and compared. The combination of optical sensor technology with time-resolved imaging allows a determination of the distribution of chemical or physical parameters in heterogeneous systems and is therefore a powerful tool for screening and mapping applications. Index Headings: Optical sensor films; Time-resolved imaging system; Microsecond decay time sensors.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: April 1, 2000

More about this publication?

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more