Stability and Surface Uniformity of Selected Thiol-Coated SERS Surfaces

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Abstract:

The use of surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) as an analytical technique continues to grow, but questions about its viability remain. This paper addresses the concern about the long-term stability of the surfaces used with the SERS technique. We have studied the long-term stability of Ag surfaces coated with three different thiol compounds. For this study, we have used 1-propanethiol, 1-dodecanethiol, and p -cresolthiol to coat the Ag surfaces. These surfaces showed long-term stabilities of over a month with minimal surface degradation. In order to mimic a realistic application of SERS, we stored the coated surfaces in a solution of water. Sodium dodecylsulfate (SDS) was added to maintain consistent surface wetting conditions so that reproducible results were obtainable on a day-to-day basis. Spatial heterogeneity of the surfaces and coating was analyzed with a fiber-optic Raman system. The spatial heterogeneity of the surfaces explains the day-to-day variations observed in the detection when the same portion of the surface used for analysis varies from day to day.

Keywords: RAMAN SERS LIFETIME STUDY SURFACE ANALYSIS BTEX BENZENE

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1366/0003702971942042

Publication date: September 1, 1997

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