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Near-Infrared Spectroscopy with a Dispersive Waveguide Device

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Miniature, low-cost sensors are in demand for a variety of applications in industry, medicine, and environmental sciences. As a first step in developing such a sensor, we have etched a grating into a GaAs rib waveguide to serve as a wavelength-dispersive element. The device was fabricated with the techniques of metal-organic chemical vapor deposition, electron-beam lithography, optical lithography, and reactive ion-beam etching. While full integration is the eventual goal of this work, for the present, a functional spectrometer was constructed with the addition of a discrete source, sample cell, lenses, and detector. The waveguide spectrometer has a spectral resolution of 7.5 nm and a spectral dispersion of 0.11 / nm. As presently configured, it functions in the spectral range of 1500 to 1600 nm. A demonstration of the analytical capability of the waveguide spectrometer is presented. The problem posed is the determination of diethanol amine in an ethanol solution (about 10 to 100 g/L). This procedure involves the detection of the first overtone of the NH stretch at 1545 nm in a moderately absorbing solvent background. The standard error of prediction for the determination was 5.4 g/L.


Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1366/0003702971941179

Publication date: June 1, 1997

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