In Situ Temperature-Programmed Diffuse Reflectance Infrared Fourier Transform Spectroscopy (TPDRIFTS) of V2O5/TiO2 Catalysts

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Temperature-programmed diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy (TPDRIFTS) is proposed to follow in situ temperature-programmed reduction (TPR) and temperature-programmed desorption (TPD) experiments of catalytic systems, as a method for observing relationships between the surface structure and the reducibility of the catalyst under the actual reaction conditions. TPDRIFTS studies of desorption and reduction of a conventional V2O5/TiO2 catalyst have been carried out, showing the presence in both processes of four stages. Both desorption and reduction experiments result in similar DRIFTS spectra for temperatures below 400 C, accounting for two processes: (1) water desorption and (2) condensation of highly dispersed vanadium species in between V2O5 islands on the anatase surface. V2O5 reduction by H2 takes place between 400 and 680 C, being characterized by elimination of the first-overtone bands of V = O groups. DRIFTS is shown to be a very powerful tool to characterize both hydrogenconsuming and nonconsuming processes such as O = migration above 725 C (stage IV). Relationships between the area of V = O overtones bands obtained by TPDRIFTS and the oxidation state of vanadium are proposed as a method to estimate this parameter under actual reaction conditions.
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