Method for the Classification of Biological FT-IR Spectra Prior to Quantitative Analysis

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Abstract:

Several methods have been proposed with the aim of improving the precision of quantitative measurements of biological components (baseline correction, classification, elimination of unwanted components, etc.). In this context, we propose a classification method of biological samples (raw sugar cane juices) before sucrose content prediction is performed. The method consisted of isolating the two most dissimilar individuals from a large calibration family of mid-FT-IR spectra, and, by successive principal component analysis (PCA) and principal component regression (PCR), a family composed of a few individuals was constituted. Each individual from this family represented the first spectrum of the corresponding classes that were ultimately formed. The classification of the remaining samples from the calibration family was carried out by the mobile centers method, that is, by the measurements of the Euclidian distances. This procedure improved the precision of the predictions. The mean and standard deviation (SD) of the differences between predicted and reference values were, respectively, -1.62 x 10-3 and 0.308 before classification and 2.38 x 10-3 and 0.254 after classification. The procedure developed in this paper first allowed a qualitative classification of spectra without knowledge of their chemical composition, and second, improved the precision of the quantitative predictions.

Keywords: Biological spectra; Classification; Mid-FT-IR; PCA; PCR

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1366/0003702963904566

Affiliations: Laboratoire de Biochimie, Faculté des Sciences, Université de la Réunion, 15 avenue René Cassin, BP 7151, 97715 Saint-Denis Messag Cedex 9, Réunion, France-DOM

Publication date: December 1, 1996

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