Spectroscopic Characterization and Tissue Imaging Using Site-Selective Polyazacyclic Terbium (III) Chelates
Polyazamacrocyclic chelates of terbium are shown to be useful in diagnostic medical imaging as tissue site-selective markers. Spectroscopic properties and biodistribution are studied for three terbium(III) species: 3,6,9-tris(methylene phosphonic acid n-butyl ester)- 3,6,9,15-tetraaza-bicyclo[9.3.1]pentadeca-1(15),11,13-triene
(abbreviated as PCTMB); 3,6,9-tris(methylene phosphonic acid)-3,6,9,15-tetraazabicyclo[9.3.1]pentadeca-1(13),11,13-triene (abbreviated as PCTMP); and N,N'-bis(methylene phosphonic acid)-2,11-diaza [3.3]-(2,6)pyridinophane (abbreviated as BP2P). The respective aqueous molar absorptivities
are found to be 3424, 2513, and 3281/2210 L mole-1 cm-1. Fluorescence quantum efficiency is determined against rhodamine 19 in basic ethanol and rhodamine 6G in ethanol. These values are 0.48, 0.21, and 0.40 for Tb-PCTMB, Tb-PCTMP, and Tb-BP2P, respectively. Biodistribution
studies performed in Sprague–Dawley rats indicate tissue site-selectivity. Fluorescence images of bone tissues are presented and demonstrate the potential for using the lanthanide chelates to perform site-directed in vivo imaging for the early identification of abnormal tissue.
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