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Dynamic Step-Scan Two-Dimensional Fourier Transform Infrared Studies of Uniaxially Drawn Poly(ethylene terephthalate) Film

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Abstract:

Dynamic infrared spectra of uniaxially drawn poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) under a sinusoidal strain were examined. A very intense dynamic band at 973 cm-1 assigned to the trans C-O stretching mode indicated stress-induced high mobility around the C-O bond in the ethylene glycol units. It was supposed that derivative-like skeletal bands observed in the dynamic spectra originated from the stress-induced frequency shift. Two-dimensional correlation analyses of the dynamic spectra were also carried out and revealed that the phenyl ring 18a band at 1018 cm-1 and the phenyl ring 19b band at 1410 cm-1 were composed of three and two independent components, respectively. The correlation peaks between the phenyl ring and CH2 vibrational modes showed that orientation of the methylene group in the ethylene glycol unit, induced by mechanical stretching, is faster than that of the phenyl ring in the terephthalate unit.

Keywords: Dynamic spectra; Poly(ethylene terephthalate); Step-scan FT-IR spectroscopy; Two-dimensional infrared spectroscopy

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1366/0003702963906249

Affiliations: Toray Research Center, Inc., 3-7, Sonoyama 3-chome, Otsu, Shiga 520, Japan

Publication date: March 1, 1996

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