Molten KF-AlF3 System: A Study by Raman Spectroscopy

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Molten AlF3-KF mixtures have been investigated in a wide composition range by Raman spectroscopy and with the use of a graphite windowless cell. The results of this study clearly show that the most intense spectrum components are made of three distinct bands whose intensities vary when the composition is changed. The most probable interpretation of our data is to consider the existence of an equilibrium between AlF6 3-, AlF5 2-, and AlF4 -, This explanation is a confirmation of the conclusions of recent papers suggesting the presence of these species in similar AlF3-NaF mixtures. The presence of only one major polarized band for AlF5 2- is explained by considering a fast exchange between the axial and equatorial fluoride at the elevated experimental temperature (1300 K). A quantitative analysis of the distribution of the fluoroaluminate species has been performed by decomposition of the Raman-band envelope. The calculated equilibrium constants (expressed in mole fraction units) for AlF5 2- AlF4 - + F- and AlF6 3- AlF5 2- + F- are K A = 0.11 ± 0.01 and K B = 5 ± 1, respectively. Compared with the NaF-AlF3 system, these constants correspond to a stabilization of less coordinated fluoroaluminates when the size of the counterion increases.

Keywords: Aluminum fluorides; Molten salts; Raman spectrometry

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: Université de Li`ge, Laboratoire de Chimie Analytique B6, Sart Tilman, B-4000 Liège, Belgium

Publication date: December 1, 1994

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