Generation of a New Spectral Format, the Lifetime Synchronous Spectrum (LiSS), Using Phase-Resolved Fluorescence Spectroscopy

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A new fluorescence spectral format is introduced in which fluorescence lifetime is shown as a function of synchronously scanned wavelength to generate a Lifetime Synchronous Spectrum (LiSS). Lifetimes are determined in the frequency domain with the use of Phase-Resolved Fluorescence Spectroscopy (PRFS) to obtain the phase of the fluorescence signal. Theory and construction of the LiSS are presented and experimental results are shown for solutions of single components and simple binary and ternary mixtures. These results show how the lifetime information in the LiSS augments the steady-state intensity information of a standard synchronous spectrum, providing unique information for identification of components and resolution of overlapping spectral peaks. The LiSS technique takes advantage of noise reduction inherent in the extraction of lifetime from PRFS in addition to standard spectral smoothing techniques. The precision of phase determination through PRFS is found to be comparable to that of direct phase measurements at normal fluorescence intensities and superior for low-intensity signals.

Keywords: Fluorescence lifetime; Fluorescence spectroscopy; Phase fluorometry; Phase-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy; Synchronous spectroscopy

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: Department of Chemistry, Duke University, Box 90346, Durham, North Carolina 27708-0346

Publication date: June 1, 1994

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