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Infrared Intensities of Liquids XIII: Accurate Optical Constants and Molar Absorption Coefficients Between 6500 and 435 cm-1 of Toluene at 25°C, from Spectra Recorded in Several Laboratories

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This paper presents accurate infrared absorption intensities of liquid toluene at 25°C. The accuracy is estimated from the agreement between the intensities measured by different spectroscopists using the same instrument in the same laboratory and also by different spectroscopists in different laboratories using instruments made by different manufacturers. The average agreement between integrated intensities over specific wavenumber ranges is about ±1.8%. The spectra from the different laboratories have been averaged, unweighted, to give intensity spectra of toluene that are presented as the best available. The use of data from different instruments in different laboratories has included the influence of systematic instrumental errors, so that the precision of the intensity data presented should be a better approximation to its accuracy than would be the case from an extensive study by one person on one instrument. The results obtained agree with the only measurements that have been made against a primary standard, the estimated accuracy of which is about 6%. The results are presented as graphs and tables of the molar absorption coefficient spectrum and the real and imaginary refractive index spectra between 6500 and 435 cm-1. The peak heights and the areas under the bands in the imaginary refractive index (i.e., absorption index) and molar absorption coefficient spectra are reported. The absorption index, k(v), and molar absorption coefficient, E m(v), values are believed to be accurate to an average ±2.5% at the peaks of 39 strong, medium, and weak bands and ±1.9% at the peaks of 51 very weak bands below 4100 cm-1. Above 4100 cm-1, 11 very weak bands have an average accuracy of ±1.3%. The baseline k(v) values are accurate to between ±3 and ±10%. The areas under bands or band groups in k(v) and ɛm(v) spectra are accurate to 2.4% on average, or 1.2% for strong, medium, and weak band groups between 3150 and 775 cm-1 with 0.002 < k max < 0.112. The real refractive index, n(v), values are believed to be accurate to 0.2%.

Keywords: Infrared; Intensities; Optical constants; Toluene

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: Department of Chemistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2G2, Canada

Publication date: January 1, 1994

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