Skip to main content

Wavelength Calibration Methods for Low-Resolution Photodiode Array Spectrometers

Buy Article:

$29.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)


A wavelength calibration method for low-resolution diode array spectrometers is described. The method was developed for routine calibration of 0.1-meter-focal-distance spectrometers having 35- or 38-element silicon diode arrays, normally operated in the 340-700 nm spectral range. Each diode of the array is approximately 1 mm wide, giving an instrumental bandwidth of ~10 nm per diode. The calibration method requires two well-separated monochromatic spectral lines, their central image locations on the array, and the grating groove frequency. This method is compared with nonlinear regression (least-squares) methods, with multiple calibration lines fitted to quadratic or cubic polynomials. The predictive accuracy of the wavelength-pair method compares favorably with the regression methods. A calibration accuracy of ~±1 nm is expected for the instruments considered here. The method described could, in principle, be applied to instruments with higher resolution, such as those having self-scanned photodiode arrays with 25-μm or 50-μm-wide pixels. For such instruments, however, a large number of calibration lines should be resolved. In this case, the regression method, which averages diode position measurement errors, is probably more accurate. The wavelength-pair method is most useful for low-resolution instruments, for which regression methods may not be practical.

Keywords: Calibration; Diode array; Multichannel; Spectrometer; Wavelength

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: American Holographic, Inc., 521 Great Road, Littleton, Massachusetts 01460

Publication date: July 1, 1993

More about this publication?

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more