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Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Determination of Five Lanthanide Elements without Prior Separation

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This investigation has resulted in an analytical method for the quantitative determination of total lanthanide concentration in aqueous solution by absorbance at 240 nm in the ultraviolet followed by quantitative determination of individual lanthanide ion concentrations by the use of concentration-responsive absorption peaks in the 190-235 nm region. The 240-nm peak is present and is proportional to concentration regardless of the ligand employed to complex the lanthanides (including H2O). The individual lanthanide/ligand peaks in the 190-235 nm region were selected on the basis of their separation from one another, their linearity of absorbance vs. concentration, and their statistical reliability based on replicate sample analyses. Lanthanides involved in this investigation were La+3, Nd+3, Eu+3, Ho+3 and Yb+3. Ligands ultimately selected for complexation were citrate for La+3, Nd+3, and Ho+3, and DTPA for Eu+3, Ho+3, and Yb+3. When large amounts of heavy metal ions were present, a modified method was developed with citrate as the only complexing ligand for all five lanthanides. The method here developed permits the analyses of lanthanide ions in aqueous solution without prior separation and involves the use of comparatively inexpensive instrumentation (UV absorption spectrophotometer).

Keywords: Analyses of lanthanide ions in aqueous solution; Complexation effects on lanthanide ion UY absorptions; Low-temperature effects on absorbances of lanthanide complexes; Ultraviolet absorption spectroscopy

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: Department of Chemistry, Fairleigh Dickinson University, Teaneck, New Jersey 07666

Publication date: June 1, 1993

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