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Chemiluminescence from Sulfur Compounds in Novel Flame and Discharge Systems: Proof of Sulfur Dioxide as the Emitter in the New Sulfur Chemiluminescence Detector

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Abstract:

Gases from a hydrogen-rich, sulfur-dioxide-containing, hydrogen/oxygen flame were drawn into a reduced-pressure reaction vessel and reacted with ozone. Spectroscopic analysis of the low-pressure chemiluminescence showed that electronically excited sulfur dioxide is the principal emitter exploited in the new sulfur chemiluminescence detector (SCD). Sulfur dioxide phosphorescence was found to contribute significantly to the total emission, suggesting that the technique could be enhanced by detecting more of the phosphorescence at higher total pressures. A calibration plot of signal vs. sulfur dioxide concentration was found to have a slight positive curvature. Interferences from NO2* and OH* were spectroscopically characterized; it is suggested that these could be minimized in the SCD by judicious choice of the wavelength discrimination filter. Utilization of a microwave discharge was similarly efficient at producing the chemiluminescence.

Keywords: Chemiluminescence; Flame spectroscopy; Fluorescence; Instrumentation, emission spectroscopy; UV-visible spectroscopy

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1366/0003702924124475

Affiliations: Department of Chemistry and the Center for the Management, Utilization and Protection of Water Resources, Tennessee Technological University, Cookeville, Tennessee 38505

Publication date: June 1, 1992

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