Hybrid Rotating Arc-Tube Furnace Device for Microsolution Analysis

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A hybrid are-furnace system using a magnetically rotated, concentric-electrode are connected to a pyrolytic graphite tube furnace is described. The are is formed between a 5-mm-i.d. graphite tube anode and a W/Th wire cathode. A 0.9-kG magnetic field from a ceramic permanent magnet causes the are plasma to rotate at about 1.4 kHz, thus forming a diffuse plasma dome covering the end of the anode cylinder. A 10-mm-long ceramic tube connects the furnace to the are anode. The graphite anode and graphite furnace are housed in the same chamber. Rotation around a horizontal axis allows the system to quickly convert between a sample loading position and a plasma discharge position. Detection limits for various metallic elements are in the ppb and sub-ppb range. Design features and performance data are presented.

Keywords: Are plasma; Emission spectroscopy; Furnace interface; Plasma/magnetic field interaction

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1366/0003702914337010

Affiliations: 1: Department of Chemistry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109; present address: Nalco Chemical Company, Naperville, IL 2: Department of Chemistry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109

Publication date: May 1, 1991

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