Applications of ESR to Carbonaceous Materials

$29.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Buy Article:


The applications of electron spin resonance (ESR) to carbonaceous materials are reviewed. The stable paramagnetic species observed in the products of low-temperature pyrolysis are odd-alternate neutral free radicals, whereas the unpaired spins of higher temperature carbons and graphites are primarily conduction electrons. The variety of ESR properties and phenomena requires special attention to techniques of measurement and interpretations of results. The relevance to the carbonization process of the free radicals observed by ESR is also discussed.

Keywords: Carbon; Carbonaceous materials; Coal; ESR; Free radicals; Pyrolysis

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: Union Carbide Corporation, Carbon Products Division, Parma Technical Center, Parma, Ohio 44130

Publication date: January 1, 1982

More about this publication?
Related content



Share Content

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more